The following stories appear in full on today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
AstraZeneca's angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, Zestril (lisinopril) 20 mg once daily demonstrated a 21 percent reduction in the number of days with migraine attack and lowered the headache severity index by 20 percent according to the Prophylactic Treatment of Migraine with Lisinopril Study, published in the January 6 edition of the British Medical Journal. Zestril is not approved for the prevention or treatment of migraine attacks.
For more information: ACE Inhibitors Studied For Role In Migraine Prevention
Lisinopril monotherapy is an effective treatment of hypertension in once-daily doses of 10-80 mg, while hydrochlorothiazide monotherapy is effective in doses of 12.5 - 50 mg per day. In clinical trials of lisinopril/hydrochlorothiazide combination therapy using lisinopril doses of 10-80 mg and hydrochlorothiazide doses of 6.25-50 mg, the antihypertensive response rates generally increased with increasing
dose of either component.
For more information: Prescribing Information: Zestril
A multidisciplinary group of scientists has declared that osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is "surprisingly complex," but has outlined a number of new approaches to its understanding, prevention and treatment. Their report, a review by 28 researchers at 17 academic and government institutions, cites over 250 published articles and is presented in two parts in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
For more information: Major Review Reveals That Osteoarthritis Is A Complex Disease With New Solutions
Teens who pledged to remain a virgin until marriage began sexual activity much later than their peers who did not take such a pledge, according to an analysis of data from a study funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and several other Federal agencies. On average, teens who took a public or written pledge to remain abstinent until marriage delayed having sex about one-third longer than comparable teens who had not pledged, the analysis showed. However, the effectiveness of pledging depended on the student's age. Among older teens (18 and older), pledging had no effect. Among 16 and 17 year olds, pledgers delayed sex significantly compared to non-pledgers. Among the youngest teens, the effect of pledging depended strongly on the social environment of the teen's school.
For more information: Virginity Pledge Helps Teens Delay Sexual Activity
Exposure to cold temperatures, whether indoors or outside, can cause other serious or life-threatening health problems. Infants and the elderly are particularly at risk, but anyone can be affected. In order to be protected, there are steps everyone should know to prevent cold-related health problems and what to do if a cold-weather health emergency arises.
For more information: Extreme Cold: A Guide For The General Public
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As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.