The following stories appear in full on today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
A clinical research study released today reveals significant differences in the way U.S. hospitals manage breast cancer. Women at the nation's top-performing hospitals are more likely to undergo breast-conserving surgery (BCS) such as lumpectomy, compared to similar patients at other hospitals. The National Institutes of Health recommended BCS for eligible patients over 10 years ago.
For more information: Despite US NIH Recommendations, Breast Conserving Surgery Rates Still Low
Today, there is an estimated 180 million people worldwide who are visually disabled. Of these, between 40 and 45 million persons are blind and, by definition, cannot walk about unaided. They are usually in need of vocational and/or social support. The loss of sight causes enormous human suffering for the affected individuals and their families. It also represents a public health, social and economic problem for countries, especially the developing ones, where 9 out of 10 of the world's blind live. In fact, around 60% of them reside in sub-Saharan Africa, China and India. To combat the problem, the WHO, in conjunction with several worldwide charities, has developed an initiative to eliminate avoidable blindness. Read about it in today's issue.
For more information: Global Initiative For The Elimination Of Avoidable Blindness
Breastfeeding for two or more years reduces a woman's risk of developing
breast cancer by 50 percent, according to a study conducted by a Yale
researcher among women in China. The researcher, Tongzhang Zheng, associate professor of epidemiology and public health at Yale School of Medicine, said he conducted the study in China because, unlike Western nations, long term breastfeeding is part of the Chinese culture.
For more information: Yale University Study Finds Breast Cancer Risk Reduced By 50 Percent By Breastfeeding For Two Or More Years
Out of Indonesia's 583,000 tuberculosis (TB) sufferers, 140,000 die every year, according to Health and Social Prosperity Minister Achmad Sujudi.
For more information: 140,000 Indonesians Die Of Tuberculosis Every Year
The first U.S. multicenter study to investigate glucosamine and chondroitin, two dietary supplements widely marketed in the United States as effective natural remedies for osteoarthritis (OA), is about to begin. In September 1999, the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) in collaboration with the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculosketal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) announced a contract award to the University of Utah to determine conclusively whether glucosamine or chondroitin are more effective than placebo for treating knee pain associated with OA. The study is now enrolling participants.
For more information: Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial Begins Patient Recruitment
Today's Vidyya articles are:
As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.