The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
A booklet in today's issue answers many common questions about bipolar disorder. Current research-based information is provided for people with bipolar disorder, their family members and friends, and the general public about the symptoms and diagnosis of bipolar disorder, possible causes, treatments, clinical studies, and information resources. A tear-out bookmark features suggestions for reducing symptoms, avoiding relapse, and improving quality of life.
For more information: Information For Patients: Bipolar Disorder
Research findings, clinical experience, and family accounts provide substantial evidence that bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive illness, can occur in children and adolescents. Bipolar disorder is difficult to recognize and diagnose in youth, however, because it does not fit precisely the symptom criteria established for adults, and because its symptoms can resemble or co-occur with those of other common childhood-onset mental disorders. In addition, symptoms of bipolar disorder may be initially mistaken for normal emotions and behaviors of children and adolescents. But unlike normal mood changes, bipolar disorder significantly impairs functioning in school, with peers, and at home with family. Better understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder in youth is urgently needed.
For more information: Child and Adolescent Bipolar Disorder: An Update from the NIMH
Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive illness, is a serious disorder of the brain. More than 2.3 million American adults, or about one percent of the population in a given year, have bipolar disorder. Abnormalities in brain biochemistry and in the structure and/or activity of certain brain circuits are responsible for the extreme shifts in mood, energy, and functioning that characterize bipolar disorder. Fortunately, the intense and disabling symptoms of bipolar disorder often can be relieved through treatment involving combinations of medications and psychotherapy.
For more information: Bipolar Disorder Research At NIMH
The National Institute of Mental Health is sponsoring the largest research study for bipolar disorder ever conducted. The Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD), is a long-term outpatient study (5 years) that aims to find out which treatments, or combinations of treatments, are most effective for treating episodes of depression and mania and for preventing recurrent episodes.
For more information: Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program For Bipolar Disorder
In 1949, Australian psychiatrist John Cade published a paper detailing the value of using lithium salts to treat acute mania. Half a century later, lithium is still used in the treatment of mood disorders, particularly bipolar
illness, and ongoing research is providing evidence for other benefits
of the drug, including an antisuicidal effect.
For more information: Lithium - An Effective Treatment For More Than 50 Years
Today's Vidyya articles are:
As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.