The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
Older women who had other health problems when they were first diagnosed with breast tumors received less aggressive cancer treatment and pretreatment assessments than women who were younger and healthier, according to a new study by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The study characterizes the health problems that postmenopausal women may have concurrent with breast cancer.
For more information: Age And Preexisting Health Problems Affect The Prognosis And Treatment Options Of Older Breast Cancer Patients
A national registry for alopecia areata, a disease whose hallmark is unexplained hair loss, has been established by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The new registry will be located at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, with affiliated centers at the University of Colorado, the University of California San Francisco, the University of Minnesota and Columbia University.
For more information: National Registry Established For Alopecia Areata
In 1997, Congress called for the creation of the NRP to assess the effectiveness of different approaches used to teach children to read. For over two years, the NRP reviewed research-based knowledge on reading instruction and held open panel meetings in Washington, DC, and regional meetings across the United States. On April 13, 2000, the NRP concluded its work and submitted its final report to Congress - Teaching Children to Read. President Bush recently cited Teaching Children to Read as the foundation upon which he plans to build his newly proposed "Reading First" literacy initiative. The Web site will provide materials for teachers, administrators and parents interested in improving the quality of reading instruction.
For more information: US National Reading Panel Launches Revamped Web Site
In a crowded room of people talking, a few voices singing in unison will quickly drown out the noise. NIMH scientists have discovered that the brain uses a similar principle to enable its neurons engaged in critically important tasks to win out over neurons essentially processing distractions. In the 23 February 2001 Science, Robert Desimone, Ph.D., Pascal Fries, Ph.D., and Laboratory of Neuropsychology (LNP) colleagues, suggest that synchronous neuronal firing may be a fundamental mechanism for boosting the volume of brain signals representing behaviorally relevant stimuli.
For more information: Neuronal Choir Hums In Unison To Rivet Brain's Attention
Some UK parents are given misleading information when they are first informed that their unborn child has a sex chromosome disorder, researchers say. As a result, some women may be deciding to have abortions on the back of the misleading or inaccurate advice.
For more information: UK Parents Not Given Enough Information About Fetal Genetic Disorders
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