The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
Vidyya is pleased to provide our readers with a state by state listing of innovative HIV prevention activities that organizations, government groups and the state agencies have reviewed and deemed notable. These practices include strategies for supporting the community planning process, as well as innovative approaches to HIV prevention program service delivery. Practices include those funded with state and federal resources. Several relate to the intersection of prevention and care planning/programs, focusing attention on the important linkages needed to bridge the prevention-care continuum. Most of those listed include contact information so interested health professionals can contact the state organizations to exchange ideas and strategies for HIV prevention.
For more information: Bright Ideas: Innovative Or Promising Practices In HIV Prevention And HIV Community Planning
The US HIV epidemic, which began primarily among white gay men over a decade ago, has expanded to affect an increasing number of populations, with African-American communities among those most dramatically affected. Today, the disease poses a fundamental threat to the future health, well-being, and human potential of many African-American communities. African Americans are almost ten times more likely to be diagnosed with aids than whites, and there is evidence that this disparity is increasing. Race and ethnicity are not, themselves, risk factors, but correlate with other more fundamental determinants of health status such as poverty, access to quality health care, health care seeking behavior, illicit drug use, and living in communities with high prevalence of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs).
For more information: On The Front Lines: Fighting HIV/Aids In African-American Communities
While African Americans face the greatest HIV and AIDS burden in the United States—accounting for an estimated 55% of new infections—the toll of the epidemic among Latinos cannot be ignored. Latinos in some areas of the country, primarily the Northeast, Puerto Rico, and Florida, are among the populations now at greatest risk of infection. Overall, Latinos represent an estimated 20% of new HIV infections.
For more information: Protecting the Health in Latino Communities: Combating HIV/AIDS
This patient handout explains that like all sexual activity, oral sex carries some risk, particularly when one partner or the other is known to be infected with HIV, when either partner’s HIV status is not known, and/or when one or the other partner is not monogamous or injects drugs. Numerous studies have demonstrated that oral sex can result in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Abstaining from oral, anal, and vaginal sex all together or having sex only with a mutually monogamous, uninfected partner are the only ways that individuals can be completely protected from the sexual transmission of HIV.
For more information: Information For Patients: Preventing the Sexual Transmission of HIV - What Patients Should Know About Oral Sex
Although this certainly will not be the first AIDS vaccine to enter human trials, Merck's testing of a new vaccine appears promising.
For more information: Merck Starts
Human Trials Of AIDS Vaccine
Today's Vidyya articles are:
As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.