The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) today announces the start of Combining Medications and Behavioral Interventions (COMBINE), a nationwide study that targets persons with the diagnosis alcohol dependence. COMBINE is the first national study to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral treatments alone and in combination with medications. It begins at a time when advances in genetics, neuroscience and treatment research are forging new directions for alcoholism treatment and building expectations among patients, clinical practitioners and the public for improved treatment outcomes.
For more information: NIAAA Launches COMBINE Clinical Trial
Research by the NIAAA seeks to further identify and explain factors contributing to alcohol use, abuse and dependence and the impact of alcohol on
society in terms of death; chronic disease; and other medical, psychological, social, legal, and economic consequences. This is accomplished using data collected through epidemiologic surveillance and population-based surveys.
This Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Directory is a descriptive listing of these surveys and other relevant data suitable for epidemiologic research on alcohol. Some of the surveys included are designed specifically to answer alcohol-related questions; other surveys address wider issues but contain alcohol-related data. While Vidyya readers won't sit and read the entire directory, this annual report can be a valuable resource for those interested in treating and preventing alcoholism.
For more information: The Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Data Directory
Yearly death totals of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in people between the ages of 15 and 34 rose 10% overall during the past decade ó from 2,719 in 1989 to 3,000 in 1996, according to data presented by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the American Heart Associationís 41st Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention, in San Antonio, Texas.
For more information: Sudden Cardiac Deaths Are Increasing In Young People, Especially
Among Young Women
Colorectal cancer screening rates in the United States remain low despite evidence that shows that at least a third of deaths due to colorectal cancer could be prevented if people 50 years and older are screened regularly, according to data released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
For more information: CDC Says Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates Remain Low
To estimate rates for the use of colorectal cancer screening tests and to evaluate trends in test use, CDC analyzed data from the 1999 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) on the use of a home administered fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy, and then compared them with similar data from 1997. The findings in this report indicate that the proportion of the U.S. population that has been screened remains low.
For more information: National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month --- March 2001
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