The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
The development of new diagnostic techniques to detect early stages of dental caries (tooth decay) may give dentists more options than ever before to stop or reverse decay using noninvasive techniques. This and other findings emerged from a Consensus Development Conference on the Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries Throughout Life, convened by the National Institutes of Health on 26-28 March 2001 in Bethesda, MD.
For more information: More Rigorous Studies Needed To Advance Emerging Dental Caries Diagnostic And Management Strategies
Dental caries, or cavities, is a chronic infectious disease experienced by more than 90 percent of adults in the United States. Recent changes in the epidemiology of dental caries have altered the presentation of the disease so that among children age 5 to 17 years, about 75 percent of the disease is now experienced in 25 percent of the population. Also, as understanding of the disease process has matured, the range of management strategies for dental caries has broadened.
For more information: Summary Statement: Diagnosis and Management Of Dental Caries
Vidyya continues its coverage of the Surgeon General's Report on Women and Smoking by bringing our readers two additional fact sheets in today's issue.
Women have been extensively targeted in tobacco marketing. Such marketing is dominated by themes of an association between social desirability, independence, and smoking messages conveyed through advertisements featuring slim, attractive, and athletic models. In 1999, expenditures for domestic cigarette advertising and promotion was $8.24 billion—increasing 22.3 % from the $6.73 billion spent in 1998.
For more information: Fact Sheet: Marketing Cigarettes To Women
Taking a lesson from the success of advocacy to reduce breast cancer, a concerted effort must be made to call public attention to the toll of lung cancer and other smoking-related diseases on women’s health. Women affected by tobacco-related diseases and their families and friends can partner with women’s and girls’ organizations, women’s magazines, female celebrities, and others — not only in an effort to raise awareness of tobacco-related disease as a women’s issue, but also to call for policies and programs that deglamorize and discourage tobacco use.
For more information: Fact Sheet: What Is Needed to Reduce Smoking Among Women
Vitamin E keeps arteries open even when a high-fat meal has been consumed, a new health study conducted at Yale University shows. Dr. David L. Katz of Yale's Prevention Research Center led a team of researchers who measured the effects of Vitamin E, oatmeal and wheat cereal against the body's blood flow after test patients consumed the high-fat meal in the form of a milkshake containing eggs, ice cream and other fatty products.
For more information: Vitamin E Keeps The Arteries Open
Today's Vidyya articles are:
As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.