Vidyya Medical News Servicesm
Vidyya, from the Sanskrit "vaidya," a practitioner who has come to understand the science of life.

Volume 2 Published - 14:00 UTC    08:00 EST    02-April-2001      
Issue 92 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST    03-April-2001      

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Vidyya Medical News Service For 02-April-2001:

The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.

A promising new approach to treating the more than 170,000 cancer patients in the U.S. whose cancer spreads from another part of their body to their brain each year may increase tumor response rates and reduce progression of the disease, according to a study published in this week's Journal of Clinical Oncology.

For more information: Motexafin Gadolinium Appears To Improve Treatment And Reduce Death Due To Tumor Progression In Patients With Brain Metastases

Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced the publication of results from a collaborative project with scientists from Yale University School of Medicine in the American Heart Journal. The study describes that elevations in harmful complement activation in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are associated with worse clinical symptoms and a reduced rate of event-free survival over a period of six months. Alexion's C5 Complement Inhibitor humanized monoclonal antibody 5G1.1 specifically blocks the production of harmful complement components and may be useful in treatment of this patient population.

For more information: Link Between Harmful Complement Activation And Adverse Clinical Outcomes In Heart Failure Patients Published

Discovery Health Channel on Friday announced the results of a national survey indicating that losing weight may not be as simple as following a health professional's advice to be more physically active and to eat healthier, lower-fat, foods. In fact, Americans have a more fatalistic attitude about weight loss than Health Professionals seem to realize.

For more information: National Poll On Consumers And Health Professionals Views On American Obesity Problem Reveals Very Divergent Opinions

As Vidyya reported in a short review yesterday, in October 1999, the Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDHR) was notified of two cases of severe malnutrition in toddlers. Both cases were associated with the use of commercial alternative milk. In response, GDHR and CDC reviewed Georgia hospital records to assess the frequency and cause of hospitalized cases of rickets and protein energy malnutrition (PEM). The findings of this review indicated that, although no new cases were associated with milk alternatives, three children had PEM and six had vitamin D deficiency rickets. The children with rickets had been breast fed for approximately 6 months while receiving no vitamin D supplementation. Rickets is preventable through the adequate intake of vitamin D. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is examining vitamin D supplementation among breast-fed infants. Read the full report from MMWR in today's issue.

For more information: MMWR Full Report: Severe Malnutrition Among Young Children

In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000. Since then, the WHO Region of the Americas and Western Pacific Region have been certified free of polio, and the European Region is approaching 3 years since the last confirmed case of polio. Transmission of wild polio-virus types 1 and 3 continues to decline in the other WHO regions. This report summarizes the evidence, obtained through surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), supporting the global interruption of wild poliovirus type 2 transmission.

For more information: Apparent Global Interruption Of Wild Poliovirus Type 2 Transmission

Today's Vidyya articles are:

As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.

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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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