The following stories appear in full on Today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.
A study pooling results from several population-based eye disease studies conducted on three continents shows that tobacco smoking is the principal known preventable risk factor associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The study appears in the April 2001 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Eye M.D. Association.
For more information: Smoking Is Major Risk Factor For Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. In some people, AMD advances so slowly that it will have little effect on their vision as they age. But in others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of vision in one or both eyes.
For more information: Information For Patients: What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
The bubonic plague which hit eastern Zambia about two months ago has been completely brought under control, the country's health authorities announced on Monday. The death toll from the illness is said to be "around 18."
For more information: Bubonic Plague Under Control In Eastern Zambia
A government spokesman for Nigeria's northern Katsina State Monday announced that an outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in the state had killed some 40 children while dozens of others have been hospitalized. More than 150 people have been killed by the CSM in several northern and central states in the past three weeks.
For more information: Meningitis Outbreak Kills More Than 150 Nigerians
New US research suggests antibiotics offer little benefit in treating most acute sinus infections in children, despite guidelines that recommend their use when symptoms last at least 10 days. The research appears in the April, 2001 issue of Pediatrics.
For more information: Antibiotics Little Help For Children's Sinus Infections
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