Vidyya Medical News Servicesm
Vidyya, from the Sanskrit "vaidya," a practitioner who has come to understand the science of life.

Volume 2 Published - 14:00 UTC    08:00 EST    20-February-2001      
Issue 51 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST    21-February-2001      

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Proceed To Article In Today's Vidyya
sharp instruments
HIV exposure among health care workers is often the result of a mishap with a sharp instrument during a procedure with an infected patient. Read information on protecting yourself in today's issue.

Proceed To Article Exposure To Blood: What Health Care Workers Need To Know
Health-care workers are at risk for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Exposures occur through needlesticks or cuts from other sharp instruments contaminated with an infected patient's blood or through contact of the eye, nose, mouth, or skin with a patient's blood. Important factors that may determine the overall risk for occupational transmission of a bloodborne pathogen include the number of infected individuals in the patient population, the chance of becoming infected after a single blood contact from an infected patient, and the type and number of blood contacts. Employers should have programs in place to assist workers. Read the facts in today's issue. More...

Proceed To Article New Attitudes And Strategies: A Comprehensive Approach To Preventing Blood-Borne Infections Among IDUs
If organizations and providers, public health staff, and prevention planners are to succeed in effectively reducing the transmission of HIV and other blood-borne infections, they must consider a comprehensive approach to working with intravenous drug users (IDUs). Such a comprehensive approach incorporates a range of pragmatic strategies that take into account IDUs’ various life circumstances, cultures and languages, behaviors, and readiness to change. It also incorporates several basic principles that serve as a framework for action. Vidyya readers can examine an approach developed by the CDC in today's issue. More...

Proceed To Article Voluntary HIV Counseling And Testing: Facts, Issues And Answers
There are clear benefits to early medical attention for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). If a patient is infected with HIV, the virus will slowly weakens his ability to fight illness. But medical treatments, including medicines and earlier use of medications, can help the body resist the virus. This patient education brochure discusses the importance of early testing and treatment of HIV infection. The brochure is in the public domain and may be freely copied and distributed by Vidyya readers. More...

Proceed To Article AIDS Prevention Guide: The Facts About HIV Infection And AIDS
Many people think that young people don’t get AIDS. AIDS can affect any-one—of any age, of any ethnic or racial background—who engages in behavior with an infected person that can transmit HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. As of December 1993, nearly 68,000 people aged 20-29 have been diagnosed with AIDS. Because a person can be infected with the virus that causes AIDS for as long as 10 or more years before the signs of AIDS appear, many of these young people were likely infected when they were teenagers. Adults seeking ways to communicate with young people regarding the risks of drug use and sexual behavior may find this brochure helpful. More...

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The CDC's HIV Prevention Strategic Plan Through 2005
The CDC estimates that approximately 40,000 people per year in America become infected with HIV, a number that has remained relatively stable – but unacceptably high – for much of the past decade. The face of the epidemic has not been static, however – in addition to the groups who have been at highest risk since the beginning of the epidemic, MSM and injection drug users, other populations are also at risk. At this point in the epidemic, a new strategic plan for HIV prevention is essential. Vidyya can read the US Centers For Disease Control's plan in today's issue.

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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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