||Why An AIDS Vaccine?
Globally, One In Every 100 Adults 15 To 49 Years Of Age Is Hiv-Infected
Although recent treatment advances have led to an encouraging downturn in the number of
new AIDS cases and AIDS-related deaths in this country, the epidemic continues to
accelerate elsewhere in the world. In 1997 alone, approximately 5.8 million people
globally were newly infected with HIV, including approximately 590,000 children under age
According to a detailed, country-by-country analysis of HIV
prevalence released earlier this year by UNAIDS, approximately 5.8 million people
worldwide were newly infected with HIV in 1997 alone. More than 90 percent of these new
infections occurred in developing countries, where antiretroviral therapy is beyond the
reach of all but the privileged few. Alarmingly, in 27 developing countries, HIV
prevalence more than doubled between 1995 and 1997. The prevalence of HIV infection is
highest in the African nations of Botswana and Zimbabwe, where more than 25 percent of
adults are now HIV-infected.
Globally, one in every 100 adults 15 to 49 years of age is
HIV-infected; at least 80 percent of these infections are due to heterosexual
transmission. By the end of 1997, an estimated 30.6 million people worldwide were living
with HIV/AIDS, including 1.1 million children younger than 15 years of age. Since the
beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, at least 8.2 million children younger than 15 have
been orphaned because of the premature deaths of HIV-infected parents.
Current worldwide statistics can be found at the WHO.
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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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