Vidyya Medical News Servicesm
Vidyya, from the Sanskrit "vaidya," a practitioner who has come to understand the science of life.

Volume 1 Published - 14:00 UTC    08:00 EST    29-October-2000      
Issue 199 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST    30-October-2000      

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Vidyya Medical News Service For 29-October-2000:

Interleukin-2 (IL-2), an immune system protein, has been shown to increase the number of CD4+ T cells in many people with HIV infection. Studies conducted before the era of potent antiretroviral therapy, however, suggested IL-2 was less effective in patients with very low levels of these cells, which HIV destroys.

The results of a novel "real world" study comparing the antibiotics moxifloxacin and azithromycin for treating acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) were presented today by Siegfried Kreis, MD, from Providence Healthcare Network, at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians and Clinical World Congress on Diseases of the Chest (CHEST).

Chronic bronchitis, one of the two major diseases of the lung grouped under COPD, is diagnosed when a patient has excessive airway mucus secretion leading to a persistent, productive cough. An individual is considered to have chronic bronchitis if cough and sputum are present on most days for a minimum of 3 months for at least 2 successive years or for 6 months during 1 year. In chronic bronchitis, there also may be narrowing of the large and small airways making it more difficult to move air in and out of the lungs. An estimated 12.1 million Americans have chronic bronchitis.

As part of its effort to promote improved asthma management in all population groups, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a panel of experts to assess if specific guidelines are necessary for the management of asthma in older adults. The working group concluded that the general approach to asthma management recommended in current guidelines is applicable to patients of all ages; however, diagnosing and managing asthma in elderly patients pose special challenges.

An Australian operation to separate Siamese twins joined at the back of the skull appears to have been successful. A team of surgeons led by neurosurgeon Dr Scott Campbell worked for 12 hours on Taylah and Monique Armstrong at the Royal Children's Hospital in Brisbane.

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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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