Vidyya Medical News Servicesm
Vidyya, from the Sanskrit "vaidya," a practitioner who has come to understand the science of life.

Volume 1 Published - 14:00 UTC    08:00 EST    30-December-2000      
Issue 261 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST    31-December-2000      

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Vidyya Medical News Service For 30-December-2000:

The following stories appear in full on today's Vidyya Medical News Service Web site.

People look at food labels for different reasons. But whatever the reason, many consumers would like to know how to use this information more effectively and easily. The following guidance is intended to make it easier for the public to use nutrition labels to make quick, informed food choices that contribute to a healthy diet. With the New Year approaching, many people call their practitioner with questions about nutrition, this handout may help answer specific food related questions.

For more information: Guidance On How To Understand And Use The Nutrition Facts Panel On Food Labels

The 10 guidelines in a booklet presented in today's Vidyya will help patients build healthful eating patterns and take action for good health. This booklet explains the reason each guideline is important and gives tips for following the guidelines. This booklet may be used to find out some of the many ways to aim for fitness, to build a healthy base, and to choose sensibly.

For more information: Nutrition & Health - Dietary Guidelines

The National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on Triglyceride, High Density Lipoprotein, and Coronary Heart Disease brought together experts in lipid metabolism, epidemiologists, and clinicians as well as other health care professionals and the public to address the following questions: (1) Is the relationship of high triglyceride and/or low HDL cholesterol with coronary heart disease causal? (2) Will reduction of high triglyceride and/or elevation of HDL cholesterol help prevent coronary heart disease? (3) Under what circumstances should triglycerides and HDL cholesterol be measured? (4) Under what circumstances should active intervention to lower triglyceride and/or raise HDL cholesterol be considered in high risk individuals and the general population? (5) What can be accomplished by dietary, other hygienic, and drug treatments? (6) What are the significant questions for future research? Following 2 days of presentations by experts and discussion by the audience, a consensus panel weighed the evidence and prepared their consensus statement. Though the statement was issued in 1992, much of the information is important and followed today.

For more information: Consensus Statement: Triglyceride, High Density Lipoprotein, And Coronary Heart Disease

Regular physical activity is linked to enhanced health and to reduced risk for all-cause mortality and the development of many chronic diseases in adults. However, many adults are either sedentary or less physically active than recommended. Children and adolescents are more physically active than adults, but participation in physical activity declines in adolescence. School and community programs have the potential to help children and adolescents establish lifelong, healthy physical activity patterns. A report in today's issue summarizes recommendations for encouraging physical activity among young people so that they will continue to engage in physical activity in adulthood and obtain the benefits of physical activity throughout life. These guidelines were developed by CDC in collaboration with experts from universities and from national, federal, and voluntary agencies and organizations. They are based on an in-depth review of research, theory, and current practice in physical education, exercise science, health education, and public health.

For more information: Guidelines For School And Community Programs To Promote Lifelong Physical Activity Among Young People

This report targets primary care practitioners and provides evidence for the effects of treatment on overweight and obesity. It is based on the systematic review of the published scientific literature to address 35 key clinical questions on how different treatment strategies affect weight loss and how weight control affects the major risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

For more information: Clinical Guidelines: Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults

Today's Vidyya articles are:

As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.

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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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