The London Associated Press reports that internal tobacco industry documents recently made public confirm that tobacco companies cooperated with the makers of
candy cigarettes in designing snacks that promoted smoking to
A study of tobacco industry internal documents by researchers at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in New York found that some tobacco
companies tolerated trademark infringement and granted
confectioners permission to sell candy that used cigarette pack
Industry documents made public in 1998 as part of a lawsuit
settlement with the U.S. state of Minnesota form the basis of three
reports published this week in the British Medical Journal.
Experts say the studies confirm common knowledge and long-held
suspicions among some organizations working to curtail smoking.
"While not earth-shattering to people who have observed the
tobacco industry over the years, the fact that these conclusions
are based on the industry's own words makes them compelling to
policy-makers, the public and ... the courts," Stanton Glantz, a
professor at the Institute of Health Policy Studies at the
University of California, San Francisco, wrote in a critique of the
Glantz, who was not connected with any of the studies, tracks
the practices of the tobacco industry and the health effects of
A second study in the journal reported that executives of seven
major tobacco companies met in England in 1977 to coordinate a
worldwide "defensive strategy" on smoking issues. They agreed not
to acknowledge the dangers of smoking, the study said.
The third study said the documents show the industry knew
advertising does more than encourage smokers to switch brands, as
they frequently claim. The papers show tobacco companies knew
advertising also recruited new smokers, it said.
The University of Rochester study on candy cigarettes said the
documents also show confectioners suppressed and altered a 1991
candy industry study indicating candy cigarettes could promote
smoking to children.
The university had produced a study the previous year that found
sixth-grade schoolchildren who reported having used candy
cigarettes were twice as likely to have also smoked tobacco
cigarettes, regardless of whether their parents smoked.
The researchers said the tobacco documents describe how the
confectionary industry contracted with a scientist one month later
to study the relationship between candy cigarettes and smoking.
According to Philip Morris, action has been taken by Philip Morris in more than 1,800 instances to prevent unauthorized use of trademarks, and that
the company would support legislative action to prohibit the
manufacturing of candy cigarettes intended to appeal to children.
In the United States, legislation banning candy cigarettes has
been proposed unsuccessfully on a nationwide basis in 1970 and
1990, and in 11 states. North Dakota banned them in 1953, but that
was repealed in 1967, the study said.