||National Child Abuse And Neglect Statistical Fact Sheet
44 Of Every 1000 Children Are Maltreated Or Abused
Reports: Child protective services agencies investigated more than 2
million reports alleging maltreatment of more than 3 million children.
- The national rate of children who were reported was 44 per 1,000
children in the population.
- Reports were received from professionals (52 percent), persons in the
families of the victims, including parents, other relatives, and the
victims themselves (18 percent), and friends and neighbors (9 percent).
Twenty percent of reports were from other or anonymous persons.
- It is estimated that almost two-thirds of substantiated or indicated
reports were from professional sources--education, social services, law
enforcement, and medicine.
Victims: Child protective services agencies determined that almost 1 million
children were identified as victims of substantiated or indicated abuse or
neglect in 1996, an approximate 18 percent increase since 1990.
- The national rate of victimization was 15 victims per 1,000 children
in the population.
- More than half (52 percent) of all victims suffered neglect, while
almost a quarter (24 percent) suffered physical abuse. About 12 percent
of the victims were sexually abused. Children suffering medical neglect
and emotional maltreatment accounted for 3 percent and 6 percent of all
victims, respectively. A greater proportion of neglect and medical
neglect victims were children younger than 8 years old, while a greater
proportion of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse victims were
children age 8 or older.
- More than half (53 percent) of all victims were white. African
American children represented the second-largest group of victims (27
percent). Hispanic children were about 11 percent of victims, American
Indian/Alaska Native children about 2 percent of victims and
Asian/Pacific Islander children about 1 percent of victims. The
percentages of African American and American Indian/Alaska Native
victims were disproportionately high, almost twice their representation
in the national child population.
- An estimated 1,077 child maltreatment fatalities occurred in the 50
States and the District of Columbia in 1996. Based on data from a subset
of states, children younger than age 4 accounted for 76 percent of
Perpetrators: Seventy-seven percent of perpetrators of child maltreatment were
parents, and an additional 11 percent were other relatives of the victim.
- It is estimated that over 80 percent of all perpetrators were under
age 40 and that almost two-thirds were females.
- An estimated three-quarters of neglect and medical neglect cases were
associated with female perpetrators, while almost three-quarters of
sexual abuse cases were associated with male perpetrators.
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Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
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