Today's Vidyya takes an in-depth look at Babesiosis. Babesiosis is caused by hemoprotozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. While more than 100 species have been reported, only a few have been identified as causing human infections. Babesia microti and Babesia divergens have been identified in most human cases, but variants (considered different species) have been recently reported in the United States.
A number of infectious diseases, including Babesiosis, are transmitted by ticks. As the incidence of tick-borne illnesses increases and the geographic areas in which they are found expand, it becomes increasingly important that health professionals be able to distinguish the diverse, and often overlapping, clinical presentations of these diseases. This fact sheet, for the health professional, describes the major tick-associated diseases seen in the United States.
In a look to the past, two cases of Babesia microti infection were reported in the mid-80s from Massachusetts. Both patients recovered after treatment with clindamycin and quinine. Read these historical case studies in today's Vidyya.
In other infectious disease news, the more than 300,000 Americans
infected with the potentially deadly combination of HIV and hepatitis C are a focus at this year's Infectious Diseases Society of America meeting. The
hepatitis C virus (HCV) has become a leading cause of death in HIV patients,
but researchers are expected to unveil new solutions during IDSA presentations.
And finally, the first case of a brain-wasting illness sometimes linked to mad cow disease was reported in Italy Thursday--a 63-year-old man who died last month in a Rome hospital. The Heath Ministry confirmed the rare case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, but said the man suffered from a form of the ailment not related to mad cow disease.
The articles in today's Vidyya are:
As always, we hope you enjoy the issue.