Dentist links Fosomax-type drugs to jaw necrosis
Researchers at the University Of Southern California, School Of Dentistry release results of clinical data that links oral bisphosphonates to increased jaw necrosis. The study is among the first to acknowledge that even short-term use of common oral osteoporosis drugs may leave the jaw vulnerable to devastating necrosis, according to the report appearing in the January 1 Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA).
Replacing a total hip replacement
Each year thousands of patients undergo total hip replacement surgery in order to help alleviate pain associated with debilitating hip disease and other related hip problems. According to a new study published in the January 2009 issue of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, while many successful, long-term results have been documented, limited information currently exists regarding why hip replacements fail in the United States population.
When the weather gets cold: Winter health problems
Bright blue skies, blankets of snow, crisp days and cozy nights by a crackling fire. For many people, winter is a welcome time of year. But for people with certain diseases like arthritis, it can be a pain—literally. While cold weather doesn’t cause arthritis or most other conditions that get worse when temperatures drop, it can cause problems for people who have them. If you’ve got one of these conditions, here’s what you need to know to survive winter’s chill. more
Understanding human behavior
Can we use computers to understand generosity? The behavior of crowds? The root of prejudice? Can we use computers to improve society? Researchers have recently made a lot of progress in developing computer models to improve our understanding of human behavior and the world we live in. more
Adolescents who work for pay more likely to use tobacco
A recent study of over 500 students, followed from first grade through high school, showed that adolescents who worked more than 10 hours a week were 3 times more likely to use tobacco than adolescents who did not work. Moderate work (less than 10 hours a week) did not have the same association.
MDMA use does not appear to cause depression in most people
The 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that 2.1 million Americans age 12 and older had abused methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, “ecstasy”), a drug that has both stimulant and psychedelic properties, at least once in the year prior to the survey. Research into whether people who use MDMA experience depression has produced conflicting results. more
Researchers estimate number of injection drug users in the United States
The stigma of injection drug use (IDU) makes calculating the number of injection drug users in a given place and time difficult; increasing the difficulty is users’ reluctance to report illicit activity. A group of investigators funded by NIDA have now created national IDU prevalence estimates for the United States for 1992 to 2002. more
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