Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 4 Issue 299 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 26-Oct-2002 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 27-Oct-2002
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More surgical patients die when nurses' caseloads increase
A study of 168 hospitals in Pennsylvania has found that for each additional patient over four in a registered nurse's workload, the risk of the death increases by 7% for surgical patients. Patients in hospitals with the lowest nurse staffing levels (eight patients per nurse) have a 31% greater risk of dying than those in hospitals with four patients per nurse.  more

Survey on eve of anthrax attacks showed need for bioterrorism training: HHS agencies working with partners on broad training initiative
A survey taken shortly after September 11, 2001, showed that on the eve of last year’s anthrax attacks, primary care doctors felt unprepared for bioterror incidents that could expose their patients to the unusual diseases that might be spread by terrorists. The survey was sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), which is an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).The study was designed to see if topical treatment with this retinoid would prevent the development of skin cancer in mice predisposed to the disease who were exposed to UV radiation. The researchers found an 85 percent inhibition of both tumor number and size in the tazarotene-treated mice compared to mice administered a placebo. Tazarotene is currently on the market for the treatment of acne and psoriasis. more


FDA warns consumers against using decorative contact lenses obtained without a prescription or professional fitting
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning consumers about serious risks of permanent eye injury, potentially leading to blindness, presented by non-corrective, decorative contact lenses distributed without a prescription and without proper fitting by an eye care professional.  more

50,000 participants needed for the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST)
The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a lung cancer screening trial sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Screening means testing people to detect a disease before it causes symptoms. This clinical trial is currently seeking a large number of volunteers.  more

Information for patients: Alcoholism
For many people, the facts about alcoholism are not clear. What is alcoholism, exactly? How does it differ from alcohol abuse? When should a person seek help for a problem related to his or her drinking? The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has prepared this booklet to help individuals and families answer these and other common questions about alcohol problems. The following information explains both alcoholism and alcohol abuse, the symptoms of each, when and where to seek help, treatment choices, and additional helpful resources.  more

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