Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 167 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 16-June-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 17-June-2003
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Heavy alcohol use damages retrospective memory
Research has shown that heavy alcohol use clearly damages retrospective memory, that is, the learning, retention and retrieval of previously presented materials. Less is known about the effects of alcohol on day-to-day memory function, specifically, prospective memory, remembering to do things at some future point in time, and everyday memory, remembering to complete daily activities.  more

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) works as well for smokers with long-term sobriety as it does for smokers without a history of alcoholism
A clear majority of alcoholics smoke. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, between 80 and 95 percent of alcoholics smoke cigarettes, which is more than three times higher than among the population as a whole. Research has also shown that smokers with a history of alcoholism are more nicotine dependent than smokers with no such history, and suggests smoking cessation may prompt a relapse to drinking among a small number of smokers with a history of alcoholism.  more


Identifying alcoholism risk through taste testing
Individuals with a family history of alcoholism are known to be at greater risk of developing the disorder than those without such a family history. In order to pinpoint these individuals, researchers are searching for "markers" of alcoholism risk.  more

Self-management strategies needed for diabetics
As the rate of diabetes in the United States continues to skyrocket, University of Pittsburgh researchers call for increased awareness among primary care physicians (PCPs) of the importance of patient self-management strategies such as proper nutrition and exercise, and of controlling patients' cardiovascular risk factors to avoid deadly complications. more

Selenium may prove to be an important nutritional supplement for preventing breast cancer
Selenium, a trace element found in foods such as certain nuts, liver and kidneys, may prove to be an important nutritional supplement for preventing breast cancer -- if a person is genetically predisposed to the disease.  more

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