Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 249 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 6-Sep-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 7-Sep-2003
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Smoking linked to osteoporosis in women
Smoking appears to be the most important lifestyle risk factor for bone loss in older women, a new University of Melbourne twin study has found.  more

The case: Feeling no pain
A 33-year-old female underwent hysterectomy for refractory endometriosis. For pain post-operatively, the patient was placed on a Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA) pump containing morphine sulfate. Three hours after her transfer to a gynecology floor, the patient began complaining of severe frontal headache, nausea, and vomiting. Nurses attributed these symptoms to post-operative pain and the effects of the morphine.  more


Progress shown in death rates from four leading cancers decline in overall mortality has slowed
Death rates from the four most common cancers - lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal - continued to decline in the late 1990s according to new data from the "Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2000." For all cancers combined, the death rate began to stabilize in the late 1990s, showing neither an increase nor a decrease, while the incidence rate (newly diagnosed cases) began to stabilize in the middle of the decade.  more

Abstract: Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2000, featuring the uses of surveillance data for cancer prevention and control.
The American Cancer Society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to update cancer rates and trends in the United States. This report updates statistics on lung, female breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers and highlights the uses of selected surveillance data to assist development of state-based cancer control plans.  more

AHRQ study identifies key symptoms differentiating inhaled anthrax from flu
Results of the study are being used to create the first evidence-based pre-hospital screening protocol designed for response to future anthrax attacks. By helping emergency management and public health authorities rapidly and accurately identify both potential cases and likely non-cases, this protocol, once fully tested, will help to preserve scarce hospital capacity while ensuring that patients receive appropriate advanced medical care.  more

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