Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 333 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 29-Nov-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 30-Nov-2003
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Effectiveness of needle and syringe programs for preventing HIV transmission
An Australian team examined 778 years of data from 99 cities globally. HIV prevalence decreased by 18.6% per annum in cities that introduced needle and exchange programs (NSPs), and increased by 8.1% in cities that had never introduced NSPs. When analysis was restricted to cities with first HIV seroprevalence less than 10%, the average annual change in seroprevalence was 18% lower in cities with NSPs (P=0.03). Translation? NSPs work.  more

Men stand to benefit from new method of treatment for enlarged prostate
Millions of men stand to benefit from a discovery by UCL scientists that could provide a breakthrough in the treatment of enlargement of the prostate (BPH). The UCL team has developed a new drug, Rho-kinase inhibitor that, in preliminary tests, has been found to treat the condition by both relaxing the prostate and stopping the growth of cells within it. Their findings are set out in the current issue of the Journal of Urology.  more


Vitamin D deficiency linked to falls and injuries among elderly women living residential care
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to falls and injuries in elderly women living in residential care in Australia, a Melbourne University study has found.  more

New standard for voice saving care of larynx cancer patients
Results of a national clinical trial confirm that simultaneous treatment with chemotherapy and radiation preserves the voice of patients with advanced larynx cancer without compromising survival rates. The findings, reported in the November 27, 2003 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine are compelling enough to have the combination treatment become the standard of care for such patients, the study's authors report.  more

Nitric oxide can prevent lung disease and death for premature infants
Low doses of inhaled nitric oxide can decrease the risk of chronic lung disease and death by nearly one-fourth in premature infants who have respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), report researchers from the University of Chicago in the Nov. 27, 2003, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.  more

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