Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 336 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 2-Dec-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 3-Dec-2003
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Blood substitute shows promise for use in emergency situations
An artificial blood product developed by researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University is showing great promise in ongoing clinical trials in Stockholm, Sweden - the first time that a blood substitute has ever been used successfully in humans. The Einstein researchers - whose work is supported by $2.2 million in grants from the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Army -- are also fine-tuning a powder version of the substitute that can be reconstituted for use as needed with the simple addition of water.  more

Scientists report early progress in tissue engineering mandibular condyle
Researchers have long dreamed of engineering new knees, hips and other body joints in the laboratory from a personís own bone and cartilage producing adult stem cells. The challenge has been to figure out how to manipulate these cells and get them to form tissues that precisely mirror the natural three-dimensional structure and mechanical strength of our normal, healthy joints.  more


Vitamins help treat depression
Vitamin B supplements may help people to fight depression. Research published this week in BMC Psychiatry shows that people suffering from depression respond better to treatment if they have high levels of vitamin B12 in their blood.  more

Faulty wiring in the brain may cause early-onset schizophrenia
Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to look into the brains of children with schizophrenia, researchers have discovered abnormalities in the white matter of the frontal lobe that disrupt the transmission of signals regulating behavior, according to a study presented today at the 89th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).  more

Female smokers are twice as likely as male smokers to develop lung cancer
Women have double the risk of developing lung cancer from tobacco use than do men, according to 10 years of research using computed tomography (CT) screening. The study also found that the risk for lung cancer increases with the amount of tobacco smoked and as a smoker ages. more

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