Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 350 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 16-Dec-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 17-Dec-2003
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Air pollution's impact on the heart is as bad as having been a smoker
In a follow-up analysis of the most extensive study of its kind on the long-term effects of air pollution on human health, researchers have found that people living in U.S. cities face an increased risk of dying from a heart attack as a result of long-term exposure to air pollution. This increased risk was found to be as large as that associated with being a former smoker.  more

Inflammation of fat cells linked to obesity-related insulin resistance
Obesity is associated with a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation and alterations in fat mass are associated with changes in energy intake and storage, insulin sensitivity, and metabolism. However the molecular pathways underlying a link between chronic inflammation and insulin resistance are unknown. In the December 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation two studies from independent research groups at Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Massachusetts, and the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center at Columbia University, New York, report that obese fatty tissue is characterized by the infiltration of macrophages and that these macrophages are an important source of inflammation in this tissue.  more


Alefacept effective in treating patients with psoriasis
Patients with psoriasis treated with the drug alefacept experienced a reduction in severity of their skin disease, according to an article in the December issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. more

Prescribing information: Amevive (alefacept)
Alefacept is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy. Get the full prescribing information in today's issue of Vidyya.  more

Stroke may increase risk of Alzheimer disease
People who have had a stroke are at an increased risk for developing Alzheimer disease (AD), especially if they also have cardiovascular disease, according to an article in the December issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. more

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