Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 5 Issue 96 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 6-April-2003 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 7-Apr-2003
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Long-term treatment controls harmful phosphate in ESRD
Continued, long-term treatment (one-year) with Fosrenol (lanthanum carbonate) maintains decreased levels of phosphate, which frequently escalate in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, according to data from an extension trial presented on April 3, 2003 at the National Kidney Foundation Annual Meeting.  more

Two new studies showed Alzheimer’s disease treatment beneficial in other memory-related conditions
New data provide the first evidence that Aricept (donepezil HCl tablets) may have potential in treating two dementia-related illnesses beyond Alzheimer's disease (AD). Findings from two separate studies showed that treatment improved cognition in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and behavioral symptoms in patients with Parkinson's-related dementia. The data were presented for the first time at the American Academy of Neurology 55th Annual Meeting (AAN). Aricept is approved for the treatment of symptoms of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. more


Studies may identify people who perform well with little sleep
Some people thrive on little sleep, while others drag through the day if they don't get eight hours of shut-eye. For most individuals, sleep deprivation isn't a factor in their daily lives. For others -- long-haul truck drivers, pilots, and soldiers participating in the Iraqi war -- lack of sleep can cause lapses in performance and possibly jeopardize lives.  more

Adult breathing problems may have childhood cause
According to the National Institutes of Health, as many as 18 million Americans stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during the night. Sensors in the blood, known as carotid body chemoreceptors, react to the lack of oxygen by rousing the body to breathe. But what happens if the sensors stop working?  more

Electronic network used to track emerging infections like SARS
When doctors at a Toronto travel clinic began seeing the first cases of what appeared to be the new disease called SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), they quickly logged on to a secure Web site to inform colleagues around the world that potential cases were showing up in Canada. Using the electronic database, health care professionals in Toronto -- as well as Singapore and other areas where SARS has appeared -- are able to compare notes about experiences in treating patients with the unusual virus, to monitor what kinds of control measures are being used, and to garner some ideas about the spread of the disease.  more

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