Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 114 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 23-Apr-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 24-Apr-2004
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Teacher's guide: Cell biology and cancer
This curriculum supplement brings into the classroom new information about some of the exciting medical discoveries being made at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and their effects on public health. This set is being distributed to teachers around the country free of charge by the NIH to improve science literacy and to foster student interest in science. These tools may be copied for classroom use, but may not be sold. This material is designed for students in the 9-12 grades. It is in PDF format and takes approximately 15 minutes to download from a 56K connection.  more

Nitric oxide links bulk of sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that nitric oxide, a chemical messenger involved in bodily functions from erection to nerves' communication, also shuts down a protein involved in Parkinson's disease.  more

Internists to write patients prescriptions for information
Think of doctors' prescriptions, and you probably think pills. But a new program encourages the nation's internists to write a prescription from a trustworthy Web site of free medical information, The program is jointly sponsored by the American College of Physicians Foundation (ACPF) and the National Library of Medicine (NLM), an arm of the National Institutes of Health.  more


Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men: Tobacco explains disparity in black-white male cancer mortality rates
The overall cancer death rate for African-American males would drop by nearly two-thirds -- without any other intervention -- if their exposure to tobacco smoke was eliminated, a new study suggests.  more

Expert calls for standard epinephrine doses when treating children in cardiac arrest
Medical personnel attempting to resuscitate a child in cardiac arrest should abide by epinephrine dosing levels outlined in the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines rather than giving larger amounts of the drug, says a nationally recognized pediatrician from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. more

Influence of socioeconomic deprivation on the primary care burden and treatment of patients with a diagnosis of heart failure in general practice
Socially deprived individuals are 44% more likely to develop heart failure but 23% less likely to see their general practitioner on a regular basis compared with affluent patients, finds new research available on more

Fat cell hormone causes weight loss
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have established in an animal model that the hormone adiponectin secreted by fat tissue acts in the brain to reduce body weight. In contrast to leptin, a related hormone, adiponectin can cause weight loss by raising metabolic rate while not affecting appetite. This finding may have future implications in understanding and treating obesity and metabolic disorders like diabetes, says lead author, Rexford Ahima, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Penn Diabetes Center. This research appears in the May issue of Nature Medicine.  more

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