Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 126 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 5-May-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 6-May-2004
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Mixed amphetamine salts significantly better than atomoxetine in treating children with ADHD
In one of the largest ADHD classroom trials conducted to date, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) achieved significantly greater improvement in both their behavior and attention, the core impairments of ADHD, with extended-release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS XR) compared to those treated with atomoxetine, reported investigators from the University of California, Irvine today at the 157th annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in New York. In the same study, those treated with MAS XR also achieved significantly greater improvement in academic productivity compared to those who received atomoxetine. The comparative St.A.R.T. (Strattera, Adderall XR Randomized Trial) findings also demonstrated similar mild or moderate side effects for the stimulant (MAS XR) and non-stimulant (atomoxetine) medications.  more

Biopsy system is effective in completely removing benign breast masses
Benign breast masses can be safely and effectively removed without surgery--using a vacuum assisted breast biopsy system, preliminary results of a study show. more

Computers combat disease: New modeling grants target epidemics, bioterror
A new initiative harnesses our nation's computing skill to enhance our ability to respond to disease epidemics and bioterrorism. The initiative, called MIDAS, will develop powerful computer modeling techniques to analyze and respond to infectious disease outbreaks, whether they occur naturally, such as SARS, or are released intentionally in a bioterrorist attack.  more


Average blood pressure levels on rise among american children/teenagers; New practice guidelines to be issued
Systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels for children and teenagers have risen substantially since 1988, according to a new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The study links part of the rise to a concurrent increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity.  more

New research study in JAMA shows adult marijuana abuse and dependence increased during 1990s
In an article appearing in the 5 May issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), addiction researchers at the National Institutes of Health compared marijuana use in the U.S. adult population in 1991-92 and 2001-02. They found that the number of people reporting use of the drug remained substantially the same in both time periods, but the prevalence of marijuana abuse or dependence increased markedly. This new study showed that increases in the prevalence of abuse or dependence were most notable among young African-American men and women and young Hispanic men. more

Statement on texas cow with central nervous system symptoms
On Friday, 30 April, the Food and Drug Administration learned that a cow with central nervous system symptoms had been killed and shipped to a processor for rendering into animal protein for use in animal feed.  more

Female testosterone patch improved sexual desire in surgically menopausal women
Data from a landmark Phase III safety and efficacy study of 562 women showed treatment with an investigational female testosterone patch significantly increased satisfying sexual activity and desire in patients with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD), who previously had both ovaries removed. HSDD is defined as a lack of sexual desire that causes a woman personal distress. The preliminary findings of the study were presented today during the 52nd Annual Clinical Meeting of The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).  more

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