Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 129 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 8-May-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 9-May-2004
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Household cleaners remove peanut allergens, Hopkins study shows
Peanut allergy sufferers and their parents take note: a Johns Hopkins Children's Center study finds that most soaps and household cleaners will remove enough peanut allergen from hands and dining surfaces at home and in schools to prevent an attack.  more

Uncertainty in clinical tests raises health care costs
Small measurement uncertainties in clinical laboratory tests can add large amounts to health care costs, according to a newly released study commissioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). more

Losing a job near retirement age significantly increases risk of stroke
Employees who lose their jobs in the years immediately preceding retirement have twice the risk of suffering a stroke when compared to peers who are still working, according to a study by a Yale researcher.  more


Cannabinoids spell relief in colon inflammation
The development of chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract such as Crohn’s disease and Colitis ulcerosa has not been understood yet, but medication to treat and alleviate these diseases are in high demand. In the current issue of The Journal of Clinical Investigation (15 April 2004) a researcher team from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry and from the Ludwig-Maximilans-University Munich were able to show that mutant mice lacking the cannabinoid receptor are much more prone to experimentally induced colon inflammation as compared to wild-type control mice.  more

Despite recommendations of advisory committees, FDA claims more data needed before Plan B contraceptive can go OTC
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today acknowledged that it has issued a 'Not Approvable' letter to the sponsor of an application to make the Plan B emergency contraception product available without a prescription. In its letter to the sponsor, FDA outlined the additional information that would be required to gain approval to market Plan B over-the-counter.  more

FDA's decision regarding Plan B: Questions and answers
Emergency contraception is a method of preventing pregnancy to be used after a contraceptive fails or after unprotected sex. It is not for routine use. Drugs used for this purpose are called emergency contraceptive pills, post-coital pills, or morning after pills. Emergency contraceptives contain the hormones estrogen and progestin (levonorgestrel), either separately or in combination. FDA has approved two products for prescription use for emergency contraception – Preven (approved in 1998) and Plan B (approved in 1999).  more

Prevention and control of influenza: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
The 2004 recommendations include new or updated information regarding 1) influenza vaccine for children aged 6--23 months; 2) vaccination of health-care workers with live, attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV); 3) personnel who may administer LAIV; 4) the 2004--05 trivalent inactivated vaccine virus strains: A/Fujian/411/2002 (H3N2)-like, A/New Caledonia/20/99 (H1N1)-like, and B/Shanghai/361/2002-like antigens (for the A/Fujian/411/2002 (H3N2)-like antigen, manufacturers may use the antigenically equivalent A/Wyoming/3/2003 [H3N2] virus, and for the B/Shanghai/361/2002-like antigen, manufacturers may use the antigenically equivalent B/Jilin/20/2003 virus or B/Jiangsu/10/2003 virus); and 5) the assessment of vaccine supply and timing of influenza vaccination.  more

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