Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 139 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 18-May-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 19-May-2004
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On the edge: Are we at risk of an ESRD pandemic?
An analysis of demographic data collected on European and American patients participating in studies for a new non-calcium phosphate binder show striking differences between the causes of renal failure: 14% of European renal failure patients had diabetes as their primary diagnosis, whereas 34% of US patients had this diagnosis.  more

Mouse study yields clue to why liver is less prone to rejection, say Pitt researchers
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute believe they have identified a mechanism that may help to explain why the liver enjoys privileged immunological status over other organs, making it the least vulnerable to rejection when transplanted. more

New compound may act to keep thyroid activity in check
Researchers have isolated a naturally occurring, thyroid hormone-derived compound that produces an inactive, torpid-like state in rodents and could someday help doctors stabilize surgical and trauma patients.  more


USDA funding approved for avian influenza prevention program
Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman transferred $13.7 million from USDA’s Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to address avian influenza (AI).  more

United States and Japan to hold first BSE technical working group meeting
The United States and Japan will begin a series of technical working group meetings this week with the objective of resuming beef trade between the two countries in the summer. The first meeting will be held May 18 and 19, in Tokyo with subsequent meetings to be held in June and July.  more

Chronic wasting disease and potential transmission to humans
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) of deer and elk is endemic in a tri-corner area of Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska, and new foci of CWD have been detected in other parts of the United States. Although detection in some areas may be related to increased surveillance, introduction of CWD due to translocation or natural migration of animals may account for some new foci of infection.  more

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Since 1996, strong evidence has accumulated for a causal relationship between ongoing outbreaks in Europe of disease in cattle called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "mad cow disease") and a disease in humans originally called new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or more recently simply variant CJD (vCJD). more

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