Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 204 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 22-Jul-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 23-Jul-2004
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Forensic history: How did Napoleon die? Overenthusiastic doctors
Napoleon Bonaparte wasn't murdered. He was killed by his overenthusiastic doctors, according to a study of records from the emperor's final weeks. Controversy over Napoleon's death in exile on the island of St Helena has been raging for more than half a century. Most historians accept the official version: that he died from stomach cancer.  more

Gene defects found in age-related macular degeneration
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have identified subtle defects in a single gene that underlie a hereditary form of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in the developed world.  more

FDA announces standard format that drug sponsors can use to submit human drug clinical trial data
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today announced a standard format, called the Study Data Tabulation Model (SDTM) developed by the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC), that sponsors of human drug clinical trials can use to submit data to the agency. It is expected that this step will lead to greater efficiencies in clinical research and FDA reviews of New Drug Applications (NDAs).  more


Study sheds new light on mechanism behind stimulant medication for ADHD
New research involving the drug methylphenidate (Ritalin) is shedding light on how certain stimulant drugs impact the brain to improve attention and concentration for certain academic tasks. Methylphenidate is used widely to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurological disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate behavior, including poor attention skills, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. more

Antiseizure drug may help treat cocaine addiction
Results of recent research suggest that combining the antiseizure medication topiramate with one form of behavioral therapy may effectively treat cocaine addiction.  more

Cocaine craving activates different brain regions in women
New neuroimaging data show that cocaine-dependent women experience changes in regional cerebral blood flow that are different from the changes experienced by cocaine-dependent men. Cerebral blood flow is a correlate of neural activity in the brain. more

Children can have better memory than adults (at least sometimes)
Believe it or not, a 5-year-old could beat most adults on a recognition memory test, at least under specific conditions, according to a new study.  more

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