Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 219 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 6-Aug-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 7-Aug-2004
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Preschool bolsters early childhood immunity, reduces risk of young adult Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Children who attend day care or nursery school for at least one year before going to kindergarten are about 36 percent less likely than those not in preschool to develop Hodgkin's lymphoma as young adults.  more

Alterations in vitamin D receptor gene increase prostate, breast cancer risk
Subtle differences in the receptor for vitamin D reverse the anti-cancer action of the sunshine vitamin, increasing the risk of breast cancer in Caucasian women and prostate cancer in African-American men, according to two new studies.  more

Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk
Carb-conscious dieters may be lowering their risk of breast cancer while they're shedding pounds, based on the findings of research published in this month's edition of the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. more


A new marker for osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, crippling age-related disease characterized by the gradual destruction of cartilage cushioning the joints. To assess cartilage erosion, doctors routinely rely on measurement of the joint space width using radiographs. To be visible on an X-ray film, however, significant cartilage degradation must have already occurred. By the time radiographs reveal destruction, the damage to the joint is usually irreversible. Due to this method's relatively insensitive nature, it also takes at least a year or two to detect progression of damage that has been captured on radiographs.  more

Rheumatoid arthritis and early indicators of disease
A chronic autoimmune disease marked by severe inflammation and joint, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a major cause of pain and disability. Since treatment improves outcome when administered soon after disease onset, the availability of predictive tests would allow earlier identification of patients and institution of more effective therapy. In addition, such markers could allow new approaches to prevention.  more

Travelers suffering from 'Montezuma's revenge' may not necessarily have to avoid tasty cuisine
Travelers suffering from "Montezuma's revenge" may not necessarily have to avoid tasty cuisine. In a comparison of two groups of patients receiving antibiotics to treat travelers' diarrhea, those who restricted their diet to broth and bland foods did not recover any faster than those who ate anything they wanted, according to an article in the 1 August issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases. more

Information for professionals: Travelers' diarrhea
Travelers' diarrhea (TD) is a syndrome characterized by a twofold or greater increase in the frequency of unformed bowel movements. Commonly associated symptoms include abdominal cramps, nausea, bloating, urgency, fever, and malaise. Episodes of TD usually begin abruptly, occur during travel or soon after returning home, and are generally self-limited.  more

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