Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 244 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 31-Aug-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 1-Sep-2004
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Competitive sport and cardiomyopathy
The Recommendations for Competitive Sport Participation provide directions for evaluating athletes with cardiomyopathies, suggesting the diagnostic testing needed for confirming the diagnosis (such as echocardiography, 12-lead ECG) and risk stratification (such as exercise testing and Holter ECG monitoring, or additional diagnostic testing according the individual case). In most instances, definite diagnosis of a cardiomyopathy precludes the candidate from participation in competitive sport, with the aim to reduce the risk for death or disease progression associated with athletic lifestyle.  more

ESC Congress 2004: Trial supports early, aggressive statin use after heart attack
Patients suffering from acute coronary syndromes should be treated with cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins early and aggressively, according to the results of an international clinical trial led by a team of investigators at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and the Brigham and Women's Hospital, to be presented this afternoon at the ESC Congress 2004.  more

Canadian researchers identify new player in breast cancer
Canadian researchers at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (Montreal, QC) and McMaster University (Hamilton, ON) have identified a new player in breast cancer. This gene, beta1-integrin, has been shown to be critical in the initiation of tumour growth and development in a mouse model of cancer. more


Man enjoys first meal for 9 years after new jawbone graft
A new procedure for creating and transplanting bone grafts is detailed by German authors of a study in this week’s issue of The Lancet.  more

Environment and diet may explain different rates of asthma
Environmental factors and diet may explain the higher rates of asthma seen in developed countries, suggest researchers in this week's BMJ.

The study involved 10,902 primary school children from three cities in China at different stages of modernisation (Hong Kong, Beijing and Guangzhou). Parents were asked about asthmatic symptoms and exposure to environmental factors.  more

Chernobyl children more hyperactive?
In an extensive study of children exposed to varying levels of fallout from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident, Israeli researchers have found that Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) scores are higher among those who were in-utero at the time of the accident – regardless of their actual level of radiation exposure. more

Therapeutic foster care for the prevention of violence: A report on recommendations of the task force on community preventive services
Participants in therapeutic foster care are placed for several months in foster families (one to two participants per family) whose members are trained and compensated for their work in providing a structured environment in which participants can learn social and emotional skills (e.g., emotional self-awareness, anger management, and conflict resolution). In certain programs, participants are separated from their usual peer environment and closely supervised in school, at home, and in the community. These programs might include psychological therapy for participants and for members of their biologic families to improve family functioning if and when youths are able to return to their homes. more

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