Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 255 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 11-Sep-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 12-Sep-2004
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MMWR reprint: Physical health status of World Trade Center rescue and recovery workers and volunteers --- New York City, July 2002--August 2004
In the months after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC), concerns grew about the health consequences of exposures sustained by persons involved in the rescue and recovery response. In addition to the estimated 10,000 Fire Department of New York (FDNY) personnel, an estimated 30,000 other workers and volunteers potentially were exposed to numerous psychological stressors, environmental toxins, and other physical hazards. These concerns prompted CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to support the WTC Worker and Volunteer Medical Screening Program, which provided free, standardized medical assessments, clinical referrals, and occupational health education for workers and volunteers exposed to hazards during the WTC rescue and recovery effort.  more

MMWR reprint: Mental health status of World Trade Center rescue and recovery workers and volunteers --- New York City, July 2002--August 2004
After the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC), a comprehensive screening program was established to evaluate the physical and mental health of rescue and recovery workers and volunteers. Persons were eligible for this program if they participated in the WTC rescue or recovery efforts and met specific time criteria for exposure to the site. During July 16, 2002--August 6, 2004, the program evaluated 11,768 workers and volunteers.  more

MMWR reprint: Preliminary results from the World Trade Center evacuation study --- New York City, 2003
On September 11, 2001, an estimated 13,000--15,000 persons successfully evacuated the two World Trade Center (WTC) towers. Because full-scale evacuations of such buildings are rare, little is known about how readily and rapidly these buildings can be evacuated and what factors serve as facilitators or barriers to the process. more


New gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
Researchers have developed a new genetic test that can help predict whether parents who have one child with the “isolated” form of cleft lip or palate are likely to have a second child with the same birth defect. Isolated clefts account for 70 percent of all cleft lip and palate cases.  more

'PSA era is over' in predicting prostate cancer risk
The PSA test, commonly used as a screening tool for detecting prostate cancer, is now all but useless for predicting prostate cancer risk, according to Stanford University School of Medicine researchers. A study of prostate tissues collected over 20 years - from the time it first became standard to remove prostates in response to high PSA levels to the present - reveals that as a screen, the test now indicates nothing more than the size of the prostate gland.  more

Postmenopausal women at high risk for breast cancer needed for new prevention study
Healthy, post-menopausal women at high risk for breast cancer may be eligible to participate in a major new international study to determine whether the drug exemestane can prevent the disease. UC Davis Medical Center is the first center in the United States chosen to participate in the study, funded by the Canadian National Cancer Institute. Ultimately more than 5,000 women will be enrolled in the trial, which will last five years. more

Disruption of protein-folding causes neurodegeneration, mental retardation
Excess accumulation in brain cells of a fat molecule called GM1-ganglioside (GM1) disrupts the folding of newly assembled proteins into their proper shapes, triggering nerve degeneration and mental retardation in children. This finding, from investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, is published in the 10 September issue of Molecular Cell. more

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