Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 348 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 13-Dec-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 14-Dec-2004
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Scientists solve the mystery of how Botox attacks nerves and eliminates wrinkles
Every year, millions of people try to look younger by taking injections of Botox, a prescription drug that gets rid of facial wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles in the forehead. Although best known as a cosmetic procedure, Botox injections also have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat uncontrolled blinking (blepharospasm), lazy eye (strabismus), involuntary muscle contractions in the neck (cervical dystonia) and acute underarm sweating (severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis).  more

Botox cosmetic: A look at looking good
Botox injections are the fastest-growing cosmetic procedure in the industry, according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS). In 2001, more than 1.6 million people received injections, an increase of 46 percent over the previous year. More popular than breast enhancement surgery and a potential blockbuster, Botox is regarded by some as the ultimate fountain of youth.  more

WHO fact sheet: Botulism
Human botulism is a serious but relatively rare disease. The disease is an intoxication caused by extremely potent toxins preformed in foods. The toxins are produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Person to person transmission of botulism does not occur. There are seven recognized types of botulism. Four of these (types A, B, E and rarely F) cause human botulism. more


Information for patients: Botox at-a-glance
Some wrinkles are caused when a muscle contracts (tightens up). Botox™ is injected through the skin into the muscle with a needle. The Botox™ keeps the muscle from contracting. When the muscle can't contract, the wrinkle doesn't show as much.  more

CDC clinician handbook: Botulism in the United States 1899-1996
This report reviews the epidemiology of botulism in the United States since 1899, the problems of clinical and laboratory diagnosis, and the current concepts of treatment. It was written in response to a need for a comprehensive and current working manual for epidemiologists, clinicians, and laboratory workers. more

Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: Medical and public health management
This article is part of a series entitled Medical and Public Health Management Following the Use of a Biological Weapon: Consensus Statements of The Working Group on Civilian Biodefense. This article discusses botulinum toxin. Botulinum toxin poses a major bioweapon threat because of its extreme potency and lethality; its ease of production, transport, and misuse; and the need for prolonged intensive care among affected persons.  more

New study shows early ritalin may cause long-term effects on the brain
A new study conducted in rats by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School suggests that the misdiagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined with prescription drug use in children may lead to a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms in adulthood. more

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