Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 6 Issue 4 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 4-Jan-2004 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 5-Jan-2004
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Nitrite in saliva increases gastric mucosal blood flow and mucus thickness
What do bad breath, hot dogs, and gastric blood flow have in common? The nitrite anion  more

USDA BSE update for 2 January 2004
USDA has confirmed that 81 of the 82 animals listed on the Canadian health certificate that includes the eartag number of the index cow entered the United States through Oroville, WA, on 4 September 2001. One of those 82 has now been located at a Mattawa, WA, dairy operation, which is now under a state hold order.  more

Urgent action required to prevent half a million deaths a year from pregnancy-related causes
Maternal reproductive health-one of the most neglected global public-health catastrophes-is the theme for the first issue of The Lancet in 2004. A mini-series highlighting the key global challenges for maternal health, a research article and the journal's editorial join forces to help put the unnecessary pregnancy-related complications and deaths of half a million mothers-99% in developing countries-higher up the global public-health agenda.  more


Enterobacter sakazakii: Dangerous to premature babies, and more widespread than previously believed
A bacterium that can be dangerous to premature babies and young infants could be more widespread in the environment than previously thought, suggest authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet.  more

Enterobacter sakazakii: Preparation of formula for infants - Guidelines for health-care facilities
The following is an abbreviated and updated version of guidelines originally published in, Preparation of Formula for Infants: Guidelines for Health-care Facilities, American Dietetic Association, 1991. Updates are highlighted. Please note: the use of liquid infant formula (ready-to-feed or concentrated liquid formula prepared with sterile water using aseptic technique) is recommended in neonatal intensive care settings unless no alternative to powdered formula is available. Selection of an appropriate infant formula should be based on assessement of the individual patient and in consultation with the health-care team. more

Variation of gene, 5-LO, linked to an increased risk for atherosclerosis
UCLA/USC researchers have linked a variation of a gene called 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) to an increased risk for atherosclerosis, or thickening of the arteries. Published Jan. 1, 2004 in the New England Journal of Medicine, the discovery may soon enable physicians to test for modified 5-LO as a marker for cardiovascular disease.  more

Combination drug therapy offers hope for malaria treatment
Two articles and a Commentary in this week's issue highlight how combination therapy offers the best hope for tackling drug resistance for the millions of people worldwide affected by malaria.

Drug resistance is the main barrier to effective malaria treatment. Artemisinin (extract of sweet wormwood , commonly used in Chinese herbal medicine) and its derivatives, artemether and artesunate, are of potential importance as other malarial drugs have been associated with microbial resistance.  more

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