Vidyya Medical News Service
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Volume 7 Issue 1 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 1-Jan-2005 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 2-Jan-2005
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15-year study shows strong link between fast food, obesity and insulin resistance
Researchers have shown a correlation between fast food, weight gain, and insulin resistance in what appears to be the first long-term study on this subject. The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study by Mark Pereira, Ph.D., assistant professor in epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, and David Ludwig, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Obesity Program at Children's Hospital Boston, reported that fast food increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.  more

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Study explores antibiotic misuse
The NIH, in consultation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, has funded a multi-year study designed to get a better handle on the extent of antibiotic misuse and the efficacy of educational programs designed to curb it.  more

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Repeated unexpected infant deaths most likely to be from natural causes
The most comprehensive epidemiological study to date into recurring sudden unexplained infant death syndrome (SIDS) is published in this week’s issue of The Lancet. Authors of the study conclude that natural causes can explain the deaths of a second or even third unexpected infant death occurring in the same family.  more

 


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Triple-Drug therapy promising against African HIV subtype
Triple-drug antiretroviral regimens that are widely used in the United States and Europe against one HIV-1 subtype appear to be effective in South African patients infected with a different HIV-1 subtype who also have tuberculosis (TB) or Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), according to a study published in the Feb.1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.  more

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Mayo Clinic finds restless legs syndrome in children linked to family history, iron deficiency
A new Mayo Clinic study has for the first time established rates of restless legs syndrome in children, finding that almost 6 percent of children seen in Mayo"s sleep clinic have the disease. The study, published in this month's issue of Annals of Neurology, also notes that the most common risk factors for the disease in kids are family history of restless legs syndrome and iron deficiency.  more

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Evidence that human brain evolution was a special event
Genes that control the size and complexity of the brain have undergone much more rapid evolution in humans than in non-human primates or other mammals, according to a new study by Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers. more

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UT Southwestern researchers find calcium intake contributing factor in formation of kidney stones
Individuals with either calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate kidney stones should not take extra calcium on their own as suggested by previous research, but should check with their doctors to determine the dietary guidelines that work best for them, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have found. more

 
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