Volume 7 Issue 269
Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 9-Oct-2005 
Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 10-Oct-2005

Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
© Vidyya.
All rights reserved.

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Report focuses on challenges to unlocking future promise of vaccines

Vaccines have helped eradicate and tame some of history's worst infectious diseases, but there are many more diseases out there that vaccines can help overcome. The challenges society needs to confront to unlock the future promise of vaccines against the plagues of the 21st century are the focus of a new report by the American Academy of Microbiology. more  

Researchers reveal basis for debilitating hereditary disease

A research team led by scientists at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston has determined the structure of an enzyme that when defective causes an inherited disease that afflicts sufferers with severe abdominal pain, psychiatric symptoms, skin fragility, and light sensitivity. more

Fat rat enables studies of debilitating vascular disease

A mutant rat that mimics a 400-pound human is helping scientists understand early vascular changes that make walking a pain for more than 2 million Americans. more  

NIH SeniorHealth says: Talk to your doctor about dry mouth

If you’ve ever stood up to give an important presentation, opened your mouth to speak, and realized you cannot form words, you know what it feels like to have dry mouth. Occasional dry mouth — the feeling that there is not enough saliva in the mouth — is normal. more

Annual report to the nation finds cancer death rates still on the decline 

The nation’s leading cancer organizations report that Americans’ risk of dying from cancer continues to decline and that the rate of new cancers is holding steady. The “Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2002,” published in the Oct. 5, 2005, issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute*, finds observed cancer death rates from all cancers combined dropped 1.1 percent per year from 1993 to 2002. According to the report’s authors, declines in death rates reflect progress in prevention, early detection, and treatment; however, not all segments of the U.S. population benefited equally from advances, a point outlined in a featured analysis of treatment trends. more

Researchers reconstruct 1918 pandemic influenza virus; Effort designed to advance preparedness  

Scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have successfully reconstructed the influenza virus strain responsible for the 1918 pandemic, a project that greatly advances preparedness efforts for the next pandemic. more

Mass antibiotic treatment could eliminate leading cause of blindness

Giving communities with high levels of Chlamydia trachomatis yearly mass antibiotic treatment over a few years could be sufficient to eliminate eye infection caused by the bacterium, suggests an article in this week’s issue of The Lancet. more

 

When a licensed vaccine is available for a given disease, numerous barriers can block its use, including technical, economic, cultural, and legal obstacles.