Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 7 Issue 3 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 3-Jan-2005 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 4-Jan-2005
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Too shy: Some children process facial expressions differently
Children who appear to have higher levels of shyness, or a particular gene, appear to have a different pattern of processing the signals of interpersonal hostility, according to a study in the January issue of The Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.  more

Airflow obstruction in survivors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
In a study of school-age children who were survivors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, researchers uncovered long-term airflow limitation as demonstrated by impaired lung function test results, while at the same time finding low levels of a marker of pulmonary cellular dysfunction, exhaled nitric oxide.  more

Beryllium sensitization progresses to chronic beryllium disease
In a clinical follow-up study lasting almost 5 years, researchers have shown that individuals who are beryllium sensitive progress to chronic beryllium disease at a rate of 6 to 8 percent per year.  more


A prognostic marker for outcome in ventilator-associated pneumonia
Higher procalcitonin levels on days 1, 3, and 7 following diagnosis are strong predictors of unfavorable outcome in microbiologically confirmed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the most frequent hospital-acquired infection in patients on mechanical ventilation.  more

Birth simulator helps physicians I.D. least forceful way to manage problem deliveries
Johns Hopkins researchers, using a novel birthing simulator designed by biomedical engineering faculty, staff and students at the University, have identified what may be the least forceful way to deliver a baby whose shoulders are stuck in the birth canal.  more

Using acid-suppressors increases risk of pneumonia
The use of acid-suppressors--drugs to combat digestive disorders--increases the risk of pneumonia, researchers say. The drugs work by restricting the production of acid in the stomach. more

Practical considerations for the clinical use of buprenorphine
Buprenorphine is a new and attractive medication option for many opioid-addicted adults and their physicians. Before initiating buprenorphine treatment, providers must be aware of such critical factors as how the medication works, its efficacy and safety profile, how it is used in opioid withdrawal as well as maintenance treatment, and how patients can best be selected, educated about buprenorphine, and monitored throughout treatment. This article reviews these important issues as well as requirements for physician and staff training and needs for additional research on this unique medication. more

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