Vidyya Medical News Service
Volume 7 Issue 4 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 4-Jan-2005 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 5-Jan-2005
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First study of its kind looks at potentially preventable problems at children’s hospitals, and suggests ways to improve
In recent years, children's hospitals have joined in the national push to improve patient safety and avoid preventable problems. But it has been hard to measure progress, because of uncertainty about whether standard patient safety measurement tools apply to their patients, who are younger, smaller and on average sicker than those at other hospitals.  more

Update #4: South Asia earthquake and tsunamis
As emphasis shifts from search and rescue to relief and recovery, the United Nations reports that the death toll from last month's (December 26) massive tsunamis triggered by an undersea earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale off the west coast of Indonesia's northern Sumatra Island is approaching 150,000.  more

Two self-fulfilling prophecies are stronger, and more harmful, than one
Time and again, research has demonstrated the power of an individual's self-fulfilling prophecies - if you envision yourself tripping as you walk across a stage, you will be more likely to stumble and fall. New evidence suggests that previous studies have underestimated not only the effect of our own negative prophecies, but also the power of others' false beliefs in promoting negative outcomes.  more


Urinary tract infections likely caused by tainted food
A multi-state outbreak of urinary tract infections caused by drug-resistant Escherichia coli was probably due to consumption of a contaminated food product of animal origin, such as meat or milk, according to an article in the 15 January issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.  more

Study shows long-term use of NSAIDs causes severe intestinal damage
According to a study published today in the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, chronic users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have an increased risk of bleeding and visible damage to their small intestine.  more

A key signaling molecule in osteoarthritis is identified
Using naturally-occurring mutant mice with a defective collagen gene, scientists at Harvard have identified a signaling molecule involved in one of the most common causes of disability among the elderly in the United States, osteoarthritis. Inhibitors of this molecule's signaling may eventually be used to slow down the progression of the disease, thus helping to relieve chronic pain in a large segment of the population. more

Debunking constipation myths: The truth about high fiber diets and laxatives
There are a lot of common myths about constipation treatment. An article in the January issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology dispels those myths and clears numerous misconceptions regarding chronic constipation. From a high fiber diet to taking laxatives, researchers address the common beliefs concerning various aspects of the condition and review results based on medical trials. more

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