Vidyya Medical News Service
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Volume 7 Issue 60 Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 1-Mar-2005 Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 2-Mar-2005
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Overweight women with esophageal and stomach cancer survive longer than normal weight counterparts
In the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill publish findings of a population-based, case-control study of 1,142 patients diagnosed with esophageal or gastric cancer. After seven years of follow up, survival rates for both cancers were low between 12 and 20 percent.  more

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Premature birth significantly increases risk of esophageal cancer
In the journal Gastroenterology, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden publish findings illustrating that premature birth is associated with an up to 11-fold increase in the relative risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. This is the first study linking prenatal factors to the risk of developing esophageal cancer decades later.  more

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Celecoxib attacks prostate cancer cells
Celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor with promising anti-cancer properties, has now been found to attack prostate cancer cells in a second way that differs from Vioxx (rofecoxib), another anti-inflammatory drug that also inhibits COX-2. more

 


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Patients with osteoporosis should be screened for celiac disease
Rates of celiac disease are significantly higher in patients with osteoporosis, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. They recommend using blood tests to screen osteoporosis patients for celiac disease because their study has shown that treating celiac disease with diet can restore bone health in these patients.  more

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Brain stimulation treats resistant depression
Electrical deep brain stimulation can dramatically alleviate depression that is resistant to other treatments, researchers have found in an initial study on six patients. The finding is important, they said, because up to 20 percent of patients with depression fail to respond to standard treatments--requiring combinations of antidepressant drugs, psychotherapy, and electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) that still may fail. The number of resistant depression patients can be large, since depression is the leading source of disability in adults under age 50 in North America.  more

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Risk of herpes infection rises with oral sex
The first clinical study to document risk of acquiring herpes simplex virus type 1 infection based on sexual activity has linked oral sex and vaginal intercourse with a demonstrably higher rate of infection, particularly in young women, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh report in the February issue of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, the journal of the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association.  more

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Vitamin D injections may significantly improve survival in dialysis patients
The administration of intravenous vitamin D appears to significantly improve the survival of patients on dialysis, according to a study that will be published in the April Journal of the American Society of Nephrology and has been released ahead of print on the journal's website. Vitamin D injections are currently recommended only for dialysis patients with elevated levels of parathyroid hormone, but the report from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)-based research group suggests that the treatment might help most dialysis patients live longer.  more

 
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