Volume 7 Issue 99
Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 9-Apr-2005 
Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 10-Apr-2005

Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
All rights reserved.



Why women shy away from careers in science and math

Girls steer away from careers in math, science and engineering because they view science as a solitary rather than a social occupation, according to a University of Michigan psychologist. more  

Liver may be source of 'good' cholesterol

Research in mice suggests that the liver may produce most of the body's "good" cholesterol, an unexpected finding that might one day help scientists develop new treatments to raise levels of this heart-protecting molecule in humans. more

Human kidney protein found that regulates heart contraction and blood pressure

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System in West Haven identified a novel human kidney protein called renalase that regulates both heart contraction and blood pressure; it is a strong candidate for easily administered treatment of advanced kidney and cardiovascular disease.To help Americans fight the dramatic increase in type 2 diabetes, Joslin Diabetes Center has crafted new nutrition and physical activity guidelines for overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes and those at risk for developing diabetes (pre-diabetes). more  

Hemodialysis causes antioxidant loss leading to long-term complications

An article published in Hemodialysis International discusses the role of oxidative stress (OS) in dialysis patients, an imbalance which can result in long-term health problems. Potential therapeutic options to restore balance in patients are also reviewed. more

Institute of Medicine news: Review of HIVNET 012 study 

A Ugandan drug trial's findings that the AIDS medication nevirapine is effective and safe in preventing HIV transmission from mother to unborn child during birth were well-supported, according to a new, independent analysis by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The IOM's analysis of the design and methodology of the 1997 drug study in Uganda, called HIVNET 012, determined that policy-makers and other scientists can rely on the resulting data and conclusions, despite some flaws in record keeping and procedural issues. more

Free executive summary: Review of the HIVNET 012 perinatal HIV prevention study 

This free executive summary is provided by the National Academies as part of their mission to educate the world on issues of science, engineering, and health. If you are interested in reading the full book, please visit them online at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11264.html. This summary has been made freely available for non-commercial purposes and education. You may distribute it freely as long as the copy provided stays in it's original form and displays the IOM copyright. more

Novel new treatment for common cause of disabling leg pain

Saint Louis University researchers have begun testing an investigational treatment for severe intermittent claudication, a common condition that causes disabling pain in the legs during walking and exercise. The group, whose results appear in the May issue of Nature Genetics, includes researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle and the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore. more


Girls stay away from math and science careers because they view science as a solitary rather than a social occupation.