Volume 8 Issue 253
Published - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 10-Sep-2006 
Next Update - 14:00 UTC 08:00 EST 11-Sep-2006

Editor: Susan K. Boyer, RN
© Vidyya.
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Compounds in cranberry juice show promise as alternatives to antibiotics

Compounds in cranberry juice have the ability to change E. coli bacteria, a class of microorganisms responsible for a host of human illnesses (everything from kidney infections to gastroenteritis to tooth decay), in ways that render them unable to initiate an infection. The results of this new research by scientists at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) suggest that the cranberry may provide an alternative to antibiotics, particularly for combating E. coli bacteria that have become resistant to conventional treatment. more  

Anti-inflammatory drugs following hip replacement surgery could harm rather than help

The use of anti-inflammatory drugs following hip replacement surgery could do more harm than good, according to a new study co-coordinated by The George Institute for International Health in association with orthopedic centres throughout Australian and New Zealand. more

Health effects of 'functional foods' featured during four-day symposium

Scientists worldwide are discovering new and unexpected benefits from a wide variety of foods that go beyond their basic nutritional value. These so-called 'functional foods' contain natural or modified compounds that have been shown to help fight some of the most challenging health problems, including cancer and heart disease. more  

Where the American public stands on terrorism, security, and disaster preparedness five-years after September 11, one-year after Hurricane Katrina

Five years after September 11 and one year after Hurricane, public confidence in the government to protect the area they live has hit a new low. Only 44% of the American public believes that the federal government can protect their community from a terrorist attack. This is a sharp and ongoing erosion of confidence, down from a high of 62% in 2003, and the second consecutive year that fewer than half of the American public believes government can protect them. Confidence in the health system to respond to a biological, chemical, or nuclear attack has also steadily declined. Barely one–fourth (28%) are confident compared to 53% in 2002. Worse still, only 23% believe the health care system is ready to respond effectively to a bird flu pandemic. more

US clinical researchers resist full financial disclosure, according to Conflicts-of-Interest Study  

Researchers and officials charged with the ethical oversight of research are often reluctant to fully disclose financial interests to potential clinical research participants, according to the latest Conflict-of-Interest Notification Study (COINS), just published in the Fall 2006 issue of the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics. Instead, those interviewed suggest a better approach for such disclosures would be to offer potential research participants a range of dollars or even use adjectives such as a "substantial investment" to describe the extent of a researcher's financial interest. more

'Allergy cells' can aggravate cancer and psoriasis  

The body's mast cells are mainly associated with allergic reaction in the way they release histamine and other inflammatory substances. However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now demonstrated how the mast cells can also contribute to diseases like psoriasis and cancer. more

Gene therapy offers treatment for metastatic melanoma

NCI researchers, led by Dr. Steven A. Rosenberg, chief of surgery in NCI's Center for Clinical Research (CCR), achieved sustained regression of advanced melanoma by genetically engineering a patient's own white blood cells to recognize and attack cancer cells, as reported online August 31 in Science. more

 

The cranberry may provide an alternative to antibiotics, particularly for combating E. coli bacteria that have become resistant to conventional treatment