Sex and prenatal hormone exposure affect cognitive performance, Yerkes scientists find
Yerkes researchers are using their findings to better understand sex differences in cognitive performance, which may lead to increased understanding of the difference in neuropsychological disorders men and women experience.
Mortality rate increases for kidney recipients with anemia
According to a new study in American Journal of Transplantation, kidney transplant patients suffering from anemia, a treatable blood deficiency, are more likely to die or suffer from organ failure than other transplant recipients. more
Gleevec decreases cancer recurrence for patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor
Preliminary results from a large, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial for patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), a type of tumor usually found in the stomach or small intestine, showed that patients who received imatinib mesylate (Gleevec ®) after complete removal of their tumor were significantly less likely to have a recurrence of their cancer compared to those who did not receive imatinib. The clinical trial was sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and conducted by a network of researchers led by the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG). more
Developmental and behavioral problems can plague children with asthma
Much of the research surrounding childhood asthma has sought new approaches to managing the disease. However, little was done to address other conditions that often appear along with asthma including depression and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), which can negatively affect a child's ability to cope. Research completed at the University of Virginia Children's Hospital asserts that until these extra conditions or "co-morbidities" are addressed, asthma education programs will not be able to help young patients to the fullest. The results will be published in the April 12 issue of The Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. more
Low education predicts lower quality of life for prostate cancer patients
Among men who have received similar treatments for prostate cancer, those with less education –– particularly those who did not graduate from high school –– experience a significant drop in their quality of life after treatment compared with men who have more education, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC).
Early-stage sperm cells created from human bone marrow
Human bone marrow has been used to create early-stage sperm cells for the first time, a scientific step forward that will help researchers understand more about how sperm cells are created. more
BMJ: Should the US and Russia destroy their stocks of smallpox virus?
Smallpox was eradicated in 1980, but the virus still exists in WHO controlled depositories. In this week’s BMJ, two experts go head to head over whether these stocks should be destroyed. more
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